Milan, during the war, was considered the'capital' of the Italian Resistance. Today it represents one of the most important cities from the economic and cultural point of view of Italy. You can discover the key locations of World War II in Milan by visiting the city’s many museums, monuments, and battlegrounds
Milan is considered the 'capital' of the Italian Resistance. And from here, on 25 April 1945, the general insurrection order was issued.
In the first half of the 20th century, Milan already had over 1,500,000 inhabitants and was the Italian industrial hub. In March 1919, the fascist movement was born here. With the outbreak of the war, clandestine anti-fascist groups regained strength.
In March 1943, the workers' strikes were the first striking sign of the breakdown of consensus with the regime.
After 8 September, the city was quickly occupied by the Germans.
The Catholics organised relief actions for ex-prisoners, Jews and stragglers. The Liberals, through Edgardo Sogno, made contact with the Allies.
The Patriotic Action Groups (Pag) are established, which carried out more than 50 actions in a few months, including the sensational killing of Resega head of Milanese fascism.
Deportations and violent actions against the Pag seemed to block the Resistance, but the arrival from Turin of Giovanni Pesce, the birth of the Pas (Patriotic Action Squads), Sandro Pertini’s action in the socialist organisation and the establishment of the Women's Defence Groups allowed the fight to resume, which fully came to the fore on 6 February with the simultaneous attack on twenty barracks in the city.
The final uprising happened spontaneously on the morning of the 24th of April. A general strike was proclaimed and then the start of the offensive. On the 25th of April, the Clnai (Committee of National Liberation for Northern Italy) issued a decree for the Cln (National Liberation Committee) to assume all powers.
There were still over 3,000 Germans and 12,000 fascists in the city.
Workers occupied the factories. Firefights were reported in various parts of the city. Mussolini attempted mediation through Archbishop Schuster and then fled northwards.
On the 26th, was announced the liberation of Milan via radio.
The Germans only surrendered on the 30th, after the arrival of the Allies. On the 29th, US Colonel Charles Poletti took office as AMG regional commander.
On the 29th, the bodies of the Duce and the hierarchs killed on Lake Como were displayed in Piazzale Loreto.
Milan was free. The population were in the mood to celebrate: on 14 July 1945, a large public dance party was organised to celebrate the new-found freedom and dispel the ghosts of dictatorship and war.
Today, Palazzo Carmagnola (Carmagnola Palace) is the historic home of the Piccolo Teatro, one of Italy's most important ...
Piazzale Loreto (Loreto Square), today one of the city's traffic hubs, played a central role in the history of the war i...
Known as the historical centre of trade unionism in Milan, the Chamber of Labour was repeatedly attacked and occupied by...
Palazzo Marino, a 16th-century work by Perugian architect Galeazzo Alessi, is an aristocratic palace in Milan and has be...
The monument to the Little Martyrs of Gorla commemorates the massacre of 20 October 1944, when an American shelling hit ...
The Loggia dei Mercanti (Merchant's Loggia), is a symbol of the Milanese resistance and is where the 19 plaques with the...
Established in 2006, the Ecomuseo Urbano Milano Nord (EUMM) represents one of the first and leading examples of an urban...
The House of Remembrance, located in the Isola district that has become the centre of 21st century Milan after the Expo,...
San Vittore was a historic judicial prison in Milan, which also became a political prison during the war. Ferruccio Parr...
Field number 64 in the Monumental Cemetery (known by the people of Milan as Musocco Cemetery), is also known as 'Field o...
Binario 21, the most important centre on the remembrance of the Shoah in Milan, is located at the back of Milan's Centra...