The Netherlands / Audiospot

The raid

OccupationResistanceTerror and extermination




A resistance attack on the night of the 30th of September 1944, which took to a German soldier's life, was not without consequences. On Sunday the 1st of October, a regiment of Germans set up an impenetrable cordon around Putten. From miles around, men, women and children are driven into the village and imprisoned in the Oude Kerk. What follows is a disaster.

On the night of the 30th of September 1944, the resistance launches an attack in which a German officer is killed. The German high command immediately takes reprisals. The village is cordoned off and Friedrich Christiansen, the highest Wehrmacht general in Netherlands, orders a round-up. Staff Officer Von Wühlisch carries out the order and about a thousand soldiers of the Hermann Göring regiment brutally drive the civilians, under police supervision, to the village centre. That day, seven people are shot. The men are locked up in the primary school on the market square. The women and children sit in the over-crowded Old Church. On Sunday morning, the following pronouncement is made.  Putten will be burned down, the male inhabitants will be transported to Amersfoort and Putten must be fully evacuated within two hours. 659 men leave for Camp Amersfoort. On the 11th of October, 601 of them are transported to the Neuengamme concentration camp. Thirteen men jump off the train. The deportees face severe hardships; malnutrition, disease and many die of exhaustion from hard work. After the liberation, only 48 return. And of them, five die. There are 552 deaths to mourn as a result of the round-up and deportation.

Dorpsstraat-Kerkstraat, at the church