Germany / Cemetery
The Haaren Jewish Cemetery was built in 1839, and was completely destroyed in 1938 a few days after the November pogrom. Today, the cemetery is empty but serves as a place of remembrance with a memorial wall.
In November 1938, all the gravestones in the cemetery were knocked over during the Pogrom Night. In 1939, the gravestones lying around were removed from the cemetery. Throughout the Second World War the cemetery grounds, which today are empty, were increasingly destroyed with the gravestones said to have been used as building material at the beginning of the war in 1939. It is assumed that about 40 stones were lost.
A few years after the end of the war, in 1948, the cemetery was restored. As there were no longer any recognisable grave sites, the whole cemetery area was redesigned as a place of remembrance. During this clean-up work, an almost undamaged gravestone was found. It belonged to the first grave erected for the Menken couple in 1839.
In 1997, further grave monuments were found on a private property. One year later, four stones and about 70 fragments were put together to form a memorial wall in the cemetery.
Today, this cemetery is part of "Ways Against Forgetting 1933-1945", a project to commemorate the atrocities of the National Socialists in Aachen.